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What types of plastic extruders are there?

Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-09-15      Origin: Site


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Plastic extruders can be divided into single-screw extruders, twin-screw extruders, and multi-screw extruders according to their number of screws. The following are the details of the types of plastic extruders.


Here is the content list:

  • Classification of plastic extruders

  • Single-screw extruder

  • Twin-screw extruder


Classification of plastic extruders

1, According to the number of screws, divided into single-screw extruders, twin-screw extruders, and multi-screw extruders.

2, According to the presence or absence of a screw in the extruder, divided into screw extruders and plunger extruders.

3, According to the running speed of the screw to divide:

Ordinary extruder: speed below 100r/min.

High-speed extruder: speed of 100 to 300r/min.

Super high-speed extruder: the speed is 300~l500r/min.

4, According to the extruder assembly structure classification: there are integral extruders and separate extruders.

5, According to the spatial position of the screw in the extruder, can be divided into the horizontal extruder and vertical extruder.

6, According to whether the extruder is in the process of exhaust and can be divided into exhaust type extruder and non-exhaust type extruder



Single-screw extruder

The single-screw extruder occupies an important position both as a plasticizing and pelletizing machine and as a molding machine, and in recent years, the single-screw extruder has developed greatly. Single-screw extruders were the first extruders to gain widespread application in the plastic processing and molding field due to their simple structure and high processing efficiency. Similarly, to meet different processing needs, various equipment manufacturers have explored various screw and barrel structures. The single-screw extruder has evolved from the basic pure screw structure to various structures such as damping screw block, exhaust extrusion, slotted screw barrel, pinned barrel, building block structure, etc., thus enabling the single-screw extruder to have a wider range of molding.


Due to the small footprint of single-screw extruders, they are almost the only equipment used in the compounding and blown film fields. Single-screw extruder technology has become an important part of the extrusion process market that cannot be ignored.


 SHJ-50 Twin Screw Extruder

Twin-screw extruder

The twin-screw extruder has less heat generated by friction, more uniform shearing of the material, larger conveying capacity of the screw, more stable extrusion volume, long stay of the material in the barrel, and uniform mixing.


The twin-screw extruder has good feeding characteristics, is suitable for powder processing, and has better mixing, exhaust, reaction, and self-cleaning functions than the single-screw extruder, characterized by the processing of plastics with poor thermal stability and co-mingled materials show its superiority. Based on the twin-screw extruder, the multi-screw extruder was developed for easier processing of co-blends with poor thermal stability.


If you want to buy an extruder, you can consider our cost-effective products. Nanjing JlEYA is the leading manufacturer extruder manufacturer specializing in a twin-screw extruder, mini twin screw extruder, plastic extruder, and parallel twin-screw extruder in China, which is widely used in compounding, modification, polymerization, after 17 years of development, now we have 20,000 square meters workshop with annual sales over 300+ sets, export over 60 countries.

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